Santa Clara Opts Not to Host Political Forums, Prompting Outrage From Candidates

Just two months before Election Day, Santa Clara is appealing a judge’s ruling to replace an at-large voting system deemed discriminatory to non-white candidates with six City Council districts. Given the court-ordered overhaul and the city’s legal challenge, there’s a lot of confusion over how things will play out Nov. 6.

So it’s unsurprising that Santa Clara is facing blowback for discontinuing a longstanding tradition of hosting candidate forums. After all, this is arguably one of the most consequential election years in the city’s history.

City officials say the Ethics Committee—comprising council members Kathy WatanabeDebi Davis and, until his resignation in May amid allegations of sexual harassment, Dominic Caserta—raised concerns about the forums after the 2016 elections. After reviewing the policy, they questioned whether hiring a consultant to host the events was the best use of public money.

But the group never officially made up its mind about how to change the program. Months passed without revisiting the conversation and, as a result, the council never directed city staff to hire anyone to organize the events for the 2018 election.

If a neutral third party wants to take on the responsibility, that’s an option. But the city will do nothing more than offer its council chambers to the League of Women Voters or another group willing to take the lead.

To Mayor Lisa Gillmor’s critics, the decision appears politically motivated—a way for her allies at City Hall to spare her the trouble of facing prospective voters alongside her re-election challenger, Anthony Becker. “This wasn’t even decided by a council vote,” Becker says. “All of a sudden, apparently, we’re making the rules up as we go.”

Mario Bouza, who’s running against Raj Chahal and Nancy Biagini for the newly created District 2 seat, says the timing is suspect.

“Why now?” Bouza wonders. “Everybody is shaking their heads because it just doesn’t look right. The city attorney and the city manager are appointees of Gillmor and her allies, and while I’ve always been a fan of Ms. Gillmor, this kind of behavior makes it look like they’re running a dictatorship.”

Gillmor says she had nothing to do with the city’s decision—or lack thereof—and that she heard about it from City Attorney Brian Doyle and City Manager Deanna Santana. “I love those forums,” she says. “But they’re not canceled; they just need a new host.”

To quell some of the backlash, and in particular the criticism laid out in an Aug. 30 Santa Clara Weekly editorial, Santana sent out a memo clarifying what happened. Click here to read her statements on the matter. City Clerk Jennifer Yamaguma, who says she has already reached out to the League of Women Voters, issued a memo or her own the day prior, which is posted below in its entirety.

Date: September 4, 2018

To: Santa Clara Community

From: Jennifer Yamaguma, Acting City Clerk

Subject: Response to media article regarding candidate forums

As the Acting City Clerk and the Elections Official for the City of Santa Clara, I feel compelled to respond to a recent article titled “City Makes About-Face On Election Education And Ethics” which was published by Silicon Valley Voice on August 31, 2018. The notion that the November 2018 election is not transparent, ethical or democratic is not only false, but irresponsible reporting and quite frankly offensive to the residents of Santa Clara. Equally as negligent, is asserting that any previous practices of the City should be followed without care of evaluation and compliance with City policy, the law and best practices.

As a professionally certified municipal clerk with a successful record of supporting many past Santa Clara elections, let me affirm my strong continued commitment to promoting a fair and transparent election this November. Working as partners with the Santa Clara County Registrar of Voters, the City has been, and will continue to be, committed to conducting a fair, impartial and successful election this November.

I will also present the information contained below at the September 11, 2018 Council meeting and will answer any questions that the City Council, candidates, or members of the public may have.

Voter Engagement and Education: Contrary to the referenced article, the City has not lost interest in voter engagement and conducting a fair, impartial and ethical election. On the contrary, the City’s voter education and information program for the November 2018 election goes above and beyond any previous program, particularly because of the fundamentally different way that Council Members will be elected through court-ordered district elections.


• The former City Clerk abruptly resigned in February of this year after having 100% turnover of full-time staff during his last year in office, including the resignation of the Assistant City Clerk in December 2017.

• Despite the vacancies, and new staff members, the City Clerk’s Office, under my leadership as the Elections Official, is committed to providing a robust educational and engagement campaign for the November election.

Council was presented with preliminary information and education scheduled activities for the candidate elections and two ballot initiatives to mitigate voter confusion and to provide timely information to voters.

• Materials and information on the court ordered district elections have already begun to be disseminated in various mediums (i.e., direct mail, social media, website, etc.) and information has been translated in multiple languages.

• The City’s website is updated on a regular basis.

Conducting a Fair, Impartial and Ethical Election: Providing information to candidates, the media and the public on ethical campaigning has occurred for decades; and, contrary to the statements made in the article, this year’s election is no different. The City has had a formal set of core values and code of conduct for nearly 60 years, with the first Code of Ethics and Values adopted in the 1960’s.


• Every candidate was issued the City’s Code of Ethics and Values and the state’s Code of Fair Campaign Practices. Both of these documents have served as the foundation for running for office in past Santa Clara elections and will continue to be used this year.

• Per state law, the Code of Fair Campaign Practices is voluntary; however, all but one candidate (Mario Bouza, District 2 candidate) pledged that they would adhere to the “basic principles of decency, honesty, and fair play” (Elections Code 20440-20444)

• November 2018 will be the first election cycle with the newly adopted "Dark Money" Ordinance in place, which is intended to shed light on the origin of financial contributions for and against local election candidates and measures. With this in place, voters may be fully informed of sources of contributions in support or opposition to city candidates and local ballot measures.

• The role of the previous consultant services appears to have been two-fold: one was to conduct forums in an impartial manner. The other, to have been somewhat of a referee function with respect to accusations about campaign regulation violations. This second role does not appear to have been clearly analyzed and resulted in a review by the Council’s Ethics Committee who recognized the shortcomings of attempting to adjudicate violations not necessarily within the City’s jurisdiction.

• The Fair Political Practices Commission (FPPC) actually has jurisdiction over most campaign-related activities, not the City Clerk. Complaints about FPPC violations should be made directly with the FPPC.

• If a member of the public wishes to allege a violation of the City Code or City policy, past practice has been to contact the Elections Official who in turn coordinates with the City Attorney's Office, City Manager's Office, Code Enforcement, and, depending upon the nature of the complaint, consultant services may be needed on a case-by-case basis to ensure full due process and impartiality.

Candidate Forums: It is legally problematic for the City staff/resources to initiate and organize candidate forums, however, City Policy allows for neutral organizations to conduct candidate forums in City facilities – despite the article’s inaccuracy regarding not allowing candidate forums in City facilities. The City is committed to following City policy, the law and regulations set forth by the Fair Political Practices Commission. The use of tax dollars in support of campaign activities is not permissible, and the City will not simply follow past practice without diligent review and compliance with policy, the law or even the appearance of partisan influence. It is negligent to characterize this as “voter suppression” but it is rather the legal use of tax payer dollars and the professional administration of an election as a compliance officer for federal, state and local statutes. The article should have done a better job of distinguishing between the City Council Policy which allows neutral organizations to use City facilities and the fact that it is legally problematic for City staff to organize candidate forums; instead, it drew false conclusions that attempt to assign a wrong intent.


• Again, a neutral organization may conduct forums. For example, the League of Women Voters or other neutral organizations may contact the City to organize such a forum four weeks prior to the election, which is the week of October 8, 2018. Neutral organizations may contact the City to conduct candidate forums by contacting the City Clerk’s Office at (408) 615-2220 or by emailing [email protected].

• The City Clerk’s Office will not select or retain consultants with tax payer money to facilitate candidate forums, as it is legally problematic for the City to engage in and organize candidate forums. This is especially important given that the position of the elected City Clerk is on the ballot this November. This was done in the past and could appear to have a conflict of interest given that candidates for the elected City Clerk position may participate in these forums.

• There has not been any direction from the Council to engage in any consultant services for the facilitation of candidate forums; however, there is still ample time to organize should that be the desire of the Council.

• The Ethics Committee was evaluating the conflict of interest related to placing the adjudication of violations that might involve Councilmembers with the City Attorney and the City Manager who are Council appointees.

• The Ethics Committee was also evaluating how other jurisdictions that appoint citizen oversight committees adjudicate allegations of such violations. The Ethics Committee was unable to come to a recommendation in time for this election, but it did not recommend that the City continue with the practice of hiring a consultant to perform any function with regard to candidate forums.

• There were many questions raised about the selection of the previous consultant and whether the consultant was vetted for the appearance of a conflict and whether they should have been a designated Form 700 filer. As noted by Council’s requirement of neutrality for candidate forums conducted on City property, anyone who actually conducts a candidate forum cannot be partisan or perceived as being partisan. The payment of an individual with tax dollars adds an even more serious requirement to ensure complete neutrality and to avoid even the appearance of partisan influence, because of legal prohibitions on the use of tax dollars in support of campaign activities.

As the Elections Official, who has ethically and successfully supported several Santa Clara elections, I am duty-bound to provide factual information and to promote a fair and transparent election for the voters of Santa Clara this November. It is regrettable that a local media editorial board did not inform the public of these important facts and the process used to evaluate and improve our past practices to ensure the responsible use of tax payer money and to be in compliance with the law and City policy. As was described in detail over a series of Council meetings earlier this year, the City Clerk is the local official who administers democratic processes and has responsibility for the impartial, effective administration and implementation of such processes. Thousands of statutes and regulations exist, which protect democracy and provide a system of “checks and balances” and it is the City Clerk’s responsibility to ensure compliance with these laws, which are complex and dynamic.

I fully intend to serve as the Election Official to ensure a fair, democratic and impartial election until the next City Clerk is elected.

Jennifer Yamaguma Acting City Clerk

This article has been updated.

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  1. Thank you for adding in the interim clerk’s statement in response to the erroneous article that started this kerfuffle. Many cities in the Bay Area have independent forums that are hosted by the League of Women Voters. Mountain View and Cupertino are two to name a few. Having watched forums and participated in them in 2016, I am glad Santa Clara is taking this position to have impartiality in the forums. It certainly doesn’t make any sense that Mayor Gillmor would ask that forums not be held. She has worked very hard over the last 2-1/2 years to right the City. I hope she will use these forums to share all that she has accomplished.

  2. It appears the Santa Clara “City decision” apparently was made at least 3 weeks ago by the City Manager/City Attorney/ & City Clerk!!! When did THEY start getting the Power to Kill and OVERRIDE past City Council instituted programs and decisions without an approval of the Current City Council?? Something smells wrong again in Santa Clara!!

  3. I agree with view Lisa Gillmor who shines at the forums would support having forums. The City Manager from Fremont determined to have democracy suspended and her henchman at the City Attorneys office is to blame. I agree with Watanabe that Gillmor would support it, though the City Hall media team is quick to send fake news that the forums are ineffective. As for moderators, Terry Christensen, Larry Gerston, Lydia Ortega, even people like Rod Diridon,-Sr. are available. City Staff seem to hate public involvement unless they manage it. Kudos to Watanabe setting record straight.

  4. Has anyone reached out to the League of Women Voters yet? It appears little effort has been made by the city of Santa Clara to find another host. The arrogance of “For example, the League of Women Voters or other neutral organizations may contact the City to organize such a forum four weeks prior to the election, …” says more than the rest of the statement.

    • The City Manager has released a statement on the City website to correct misinformation about the City’s position on candidate forums and states that on or about August 31 the interim City Clerk reached out to the LWV but had not heard back yet. Obviously, in an effort to be impartial, City staff should not be involved in the organization of such a forum but can assist in making City Hall facilities available to an outside group to host a forum. Several Bay Area cities have organized forums in October utilizing the LWV. So there is time but no doubt the LWV calendar is filling up!

  5. Oh come on Santa Clara City Hall, is this the best you can do? This isn’t even an entertaining fairy tale … it is sooo full of lies and half truths everyone’s computer is in danger of instant combustion… City Manager, Mayor and whoever else … you’d better keep spinning this story — so far this is pathetic. I hope we, the taxpayers are not paying any City Staff nor outside consultant a single dime for this garbage.

    Let’s set the record straight, shall we:

    Candidate Forums have been held in Santa Clara for DECADES! Hosted by the Citizens Advisory Committee and run in cooperation with the League of Women’s Voters and the City Clerk’s office. Dr. Tom Shanks was involved via City Clerks office for many years too. Citizens submitted questions and the CAC selected from those questions … LOWV acted as time keepers. It was a COOPERATIVE EVENT!

    Neither Ms. Santana nor Ms. Yamaguma EVER attended and never even watched one … NEITHER live nor even vote in Santa Clara!

    (1) The famous Ethics Meeting where, according to this Aesop’s fable, where the Candidate’s Forums were killed off … as reported is complete BS!! That meeting was convened to do a post-mortem on the Ethics consultant that was hired by Rod Diridon. Jr. for the 2016 forums.
    – he was hired because Rod’s seat was up for election and Rod would not be participating as he usually did,

    The outcome and what was discussed was:
    – the format was changed and feedback from the candidates was solicited, and given; and
    – there were a couple of Ethics “violations” that were addressed during the election; and
    – there was no “final word” forum which upset both the candidates and the citizens; and
    – I, personally, was unhappy that the person hired was not impartial because he was a buddy of Rod’s and that was, IMHO, unethical for an Ethics Consultant.

    The future of having Candidates’ Forum was NEVER, EVER discussed at all!! NEVER mentioned for a single moment and neither was a single mention made of a potential “misuse of public funds” either, and the City Attorney WAS present!

    So, the City’s entire story is pure BUNK … a weak and feeble attempt of a cover up. The reason the issue was not moved forward was to Council because there was NO ISSUE nor A DECISION TO BE APPROVED … REPEAT — it was because there WASN’T A DECISION TO BE MADE NOR APPROVED.

    STOP LYING! WHy are you lying? And Who is lying? WHO made this dumb decision? AND when? Is EVERYONE being a puppet for the mayor? It seems that is the one person who might not be wanting these forums to be held?

    Let’s finally stop this charade .. get the Forums scheduled NOW! On Thurs and Friday evenings .. as always and per established standards for years. THis is ridiculous … stop the games and just do it. This is not brain surgery … if you are dedicated to the people who you work for and who pay you … you WILL just make this happen .. this is THE SANTA CLARA WAY …

    THis is THE CENTER OF WHAT’S POSSIBLE, remember? — This is important and a valuable and critical resource to the voters in Santa Clara. Enough with the excuses. MANY people don’t even know that there is an election, who is running, and for which seats too.

    What has happened to our OPEN and TRANSPARENT GOVERNMENT? Stop the nonsense and get on with doing the citizens’ business and get these Candidates’ Forums scheduled asap … then discuss with the CITIZENS if THEY feel this is a proper use of THEIR money for the next election in a timely manner.

  6. The recent decision by Santa Clara to not directly host a candidates forum is the right thing to do, despite past history. Just imagine Donald Trump hosting a town hall forum for presidential candidates (including himself) or Jerry Brown hosting a town hall forum for gubernatorial candidates. There is a definite perception of bias that is unavoidable, regardless of actual bias. The real question isn’t why this practice is stopping now but why it was even allowed to start in the first place.

  7. By the way, with regards to the City Clerk duties being stripped from the elected position and transferred a staff position by the action of the city manager and city council – per the Charter and Municipal Code – the staff actually still needs to report to council not the city manager. They wanted it so there is no checks and balances of an elected position to see the paperwork being passed around City hall. So they are bringing a high paid staff over from Sunnyvale that will sit down, keep mouth shut, and collect a fat paycheck while all the non-transparent mischief goes on (such as the cause of this article)….

    • Here is the letter of the law from the Santa Clara City Charter regarding the above. In a nutshell, Council appointed duties of the clerk and auditor to a staff position, not elected position – since the duties are Council appointed (not manager appointed) – then even this staff must still report to Council and not manager. Council member O’Neil asked this question when this happened, and the manager and attorney lied and said this appointed staff reports to the manager. No one challenged it and followed up by actually reading what the law (charter) says. Read through this yourself with your own eyes. This is ripe for a lawsuit for the willing.

      Sec. 900 Officers to be appointed by the City Council and by the City Manager.

      In addition to the City Manager, the City Council shall appoint and affix the compensation for the City Attorney and City Auditor who shall serve at the pleasure of the City Council and may be removed by motion of the City Council adopted by at least four affirmative votes.

      All other officers and department heads of the City shall be appointed by the City Manager and shall serve at the pleasure of the City Manager at compensation fixed by the City Council. (Amended by electors at an election held March 7, 2000, Charter Chapter 11 of the State Statutes of 2000)

      Sec. 901 Other appointive officers.

      The City Council may provide by ordinance for the creation, consolidation or abolishment of the City departments or offices, not specifically enumerated in this Charter. Each department so created shall be headed by an officer as department head who shall be appointed by the City Manager.

      Sec. 902 Appointive officers; duties.

      Each appointive officer shall perform the duties imposed upon him/her by this Charter, by ordinance, or resolution and, if under jurisdiction of the City Manager, shall perform such other duties relating to his/her office as may be required of him/her by the City Manager. (Amended by electors at an election held March 7, 2000, Charter Chapter 11 of the State Statutes of 2000)

      Sec. 903 City clerk; powers and duties.

      The City Clerk shall have the power and be required to:

      (a) Attend all meetings of the City Council and be responsible for the recording and maintaining of a full and true record of all the proceedings of the City Council in books that shall bear appropriate titles and be devoted to such purposes;

      (b) Maintain separate books, in which shall be recorded respectively all ordinances and resolutions, with the certificate of the clerk annexed to each thereof stating the same to be the original or a correct copy, and as to an ordinance requiring publication, stating that the same has been published or posted in accordance with this Charter;

      (c) Maintain separate books, in which a record shall be made of all written contracts and official bonds;

      (d) Keep all aforementioned books properly indexed and open to public inspection when not in actual use;

      (e) Be the custodian of the seal of the City;

      (f) Administer oaths or affirmations, take affidavits and depositions pertaining to the affairs and business of the City and certify copies of official records; and

      (g) Have charge of all City elections.

      The City Council may, in its discretion, appoint any other officer or employee of the City as City Clerk and grant such person additional compensation for the performance of such duties.

      Sec. 909 City Auditor.

      The City Auditor shall audit and approve all bills, invoices, payrolls, demands or charges against the City government before payment and, with the advice of the City Attorney, advise the City Council as to the regularity, legality and correctness of such claims, demands or charges.

      The City Council may, in its discretion, appoint any other officer or employee of the City as City Auditor and grant such person additional compensation for the performance of such duties.

  8. I read what Watanabe wrote and I do believe she is honest and I believe Gillmor wants the forum. They are honest. But if what Agree says is true, Doyle and Santana are a self appointed government within a government transversing what the council and voters want which is a forum.

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