Santa Clara County Jail Inmates Join Nationwide Hunger Strike over Solitary Confinement

Santa Clara County inmates on Monday went on hunger strike to protest solitary confinement and what they see as a gap between policy and practice.

The dissent that kicked off this week at Elmwood Correctional Facility and San Jose’s Main Jail is part of what may go down as one of the largest inmate uprisings in American history. According to The Nation, more than 24,000 inmates in a dozen states have taken part in the collective action, which began as a prison labor strike and was timed to begin Sept. 9 on the 45th anniversary of the Attica prison uprising.

Inmates at the Main Jail told San Jose Inside that about 145 of them began refusing meals to highlight what they call an arbitrary classification system that denies them due process. There’s also a sense that many of the reforms proposed in the wake of an inmate’s fatal beating last year—allegedly by three jail guards—have yet to translate to reality. But the primary goal, inmates added, is to draw attention to county’s continued use of isolation, despite litigation calling the practice inhumane and unconstitutional.

“I come out by myself, I do not interact with nobody else, no card playing, no nothing,” said a Main Jail detainee, who asked to withhold his name.“When we go out in the yard, we come out one person at a time. We’re in our cells by ourselves.”

The Sheriff’s Office, which oversees county corrections, has yet to respond to a request for comment. But Sheriff Laurie Smith refuted the allegations to other news outlets.

In November 2015, the nonprofit Prison Law Office sued the Sheriff’s Office on behalf of two inmates—Brandon Bracamonte and Brian Chavez—who say they spent seven months without human contact in the Third West Max unit at San Jose’s Main Jail. The plaintiffs said the drawn-out solitude induced anxiety and thoughts of dying alone in their cells.

Nearly a year later, the county is negotiating a settlement with the advocacy nonprofit to improve conditions at its two jails. While litigation over solitary confinement at Pelican Bay State Prison has pressured California prisons to ease up on the practice, local jails have apparently been slower to enact those reforms.

When San Jose Inside toured the Main Jail this past spring, Sheriff Smith showed that the cells of Third West Max had been emptied out. But inmates tell San Jose Inside that the county continues to subject people to indefinite isolation in other parts of the jail.

Fifty-year-old inmate Larry Lucero echoed concerns brought up by the Prison Law Office. For four-and-a-half years, he said, his high-risk classification has kept him in isolation, which limits his visitation time and blocks access to vocational training, group activities or other resources. He said he has repeatedly filed grievances, but nothing came of them.

“They isolate me by removing any form of social oxygen,” said Lucero, who took part in a hunger strike a few years ago as an inmate at Pelican Bay.

His mother, Luisa Lucero, said she worries how the long-term isolation will affect her son’s mental health. She said she takes issue with the county’s claim that the jails no longer use solitary confinement when her son remains starved of human contact.

“They don’t call it ‘the shoe,’ but it’s the same thing as being in the shoe,” she said.

Angel Martinez, 33, said he, too, has been locked in solitary confinement—even if the county won’t call it that—for four years. He said his dorm consists of six single-man cells.

“We go to yard in a dog cage,” said Martinez, who hails from Visalia but has a wife and children in the South Bay.

Inmates, their families and other advocates circulated a letter ahead of this week’s protest that spelled out their core demands. The list authored by a group called the Prisoner Human Rights Movement—available online here—alleges that the county fails to provide adequate clothing and hygiene. It also accuses the Sheriff’s Office of offering kickbacks to commissary vendors and of misusing money meant for inmate rehabilitation.

Inmates inside the Main Jail say they object to the high prices charged at the commissary, which charges a dollar for a 25-cent package of dried ramen and $5 for an eight-pack of tortillas. The clothing becomes a problem in the fall and winter, they added. They say there aren't enough jackets to go around and if they get rained on during yard time, they're have to wear those same wet clothes until they dry off.

Strikers plan to end the protest at midnight Oct. 30. They tell San Jose Inside that nurses have been monitoring the inmates’ vitals. Lucero commended the nurses and said he has no qualms with the jail guards, who are just doing their job.

“Our state of mind is not us against them,” he said. “It’s not about these deputies. This is their place of employment, this puts the food on their table. We understand that. We don’t have a problem with that … [our problem] is with the administration.”

Three years ago, more than 30,000 California prisoners staged an indefinite hunger strike over some of the same issues raised by this week’s jail protest. The prison strike, which began in July 2013, lasted for two months and resulted in one inmate’s death.

This article has been updated.

Jennifer Wadsworth is the former news editor for San Jose Inside and Metro Silicon Valley. Follow her on Twitter at @jennwadsworth.


  1. It is wonderful that people are standing up for their basic human rights in a positive and peaceful manner. The effects of isolation are very harmful. I hope that this peaceful protest of inhumane conditions will motivate people in the administration to open their hearts to others’ plight and work to create humane practices.

    My thoughts and prayers are with all those who are working for a more humane situation. This includes people living in prison, nurses helping them, correctional officers who might like more humane conditions as well, and people in administration who have a special opportunity right now to reflect and create a more humane situation for everyone.

    Administrators may not have been fully aware of the extent of the horrible harms that others are suffering. But it would be good to pause and reflect, and think about what might make things more humane for others. We are all human. People living in prison are as important and human as any of us. If we would not like to be treated like this, then we should reflect on how we would like to be treated and implement new practices that treat others as people who are as valuable and worthy as anyone.

    • Darlin’ what you fail to realize is that these folks are in jail because they DO NOT treat their fellow humans in a positive and peaceful manner. They are in solitary for a reason – either because of their threat to others or to themselves. Notice Mr Lucero spent time in Pelican Bay prison. You do know, don’t you, that Pelican Bay is a high security prison for the worst of the worst? Solitary is meant to ‘break’ them of the ornery spirit that gets them in jail in the first place. Jail/prison is not meant to be something pleasant. Solitary is part of the punishment.

    • Your naivete is mind boggling. You do realize, dear, that if these guys in jail had treated others as ‘humanely’ as you think they should be, they would not be in jail in the first place, right? Peace, love and harmony is a great idea, but it doesn’t work with a lot of humans.

    • > My prayers go out to them…on this.


      Kind of small minded, if you ask me.

      I’m praying to prevent global thermonuclear war.

      Jill Stein: “If Hillary gets elected, we’re going to war with Russia, a nuclear armed power.”

  2. I’m shocked, I have been hearing that we are releasing inmates early because of overcrowding.
    Now I find out they have private rooms avalible. What’s next room service?
    I think a week at Maricopa Co. Arizona with Sheriff Joe might improve their attitude’s.

    • Excuse me but I would hardly call it a private room, how would you feel being locked in the so called private room with no communication whatsoever with any human. That is mental torture, imagine spending every day like that for years and be expected to be released and function in our society. I hope this never happens to you or one of your loved ones. Because it seriously could at any time from one day to the next. We never know what tomorrow brings.

      • Well Sandy,
        I’m sure when Hillary finishes off the First Amendment, I will likely be in just such a place and I don’t want to share it with some psycho killer named Sandy that wants me be to be his bitch!

      • It will never happen to me or my loved ones because we don’t go out and commit crimes. Of course I don’t know what tomorrow brings, but highly unlikely a speeding or parking ticket is going to land me in jail.
        Your naivete is astounding.

  3. Now if the media can only get past the “hunger strike” issue to the cause — the fact the sheriff has failed to follow through on any real reform that she can’t flaunt in front of the media a year after the start of the Blue Ribbon Commission, despite repeated tales to the media.

    We were told inmates were getting frequent clothing changes, that the use of solitary was significantly reduced, that the new classification system was great… seems none of this may be true. Few listened to the deputies when they said it wasn’t true, now maybe you’ll listen to the inmates.

    The deputies want improvements as badly as the inmates… shame on those in law enforcement and alleged supporters that fail to recognize these situations negatively impact everyone who has to be in the jails and say this is a good thing. Nevermind the overall poor reflection you cast on those trying to do a good job. Stop making the job harder, I would think you of all people would get that.

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