San José Reports No Citations under New Gun Law, and Gun Fees Are Months Away

On New Year’s Day, San José became the first city in the nation to require gun owners to pay a yearly fee and carry gun liability insurance.

The ordinance requiring liability insurance was in effect Jan. 1, but the city has no data whether obtaining the insurance on an "honor system” has prompted any gun owners to act. None of the city's estimated 52,000 gun owners has been cited for violating the law.

Actual implementation of the equally voluntary fee portion of the ordinance is months away, according to the city.

Former San Jose Mayor Sam Liccardo first proposed the ordinance requiring liability insurance for gun owners in 2019, less than a month after the mass shooting in Gilroy, but the final ordinance didn’t come up for a council vote until nearly two years later.

The council’s approval of the ordinance in January 2022 got immediate national headlines – mostly for the mayor. Liccardo wrote an op-ed for the Los Angeles Times and has been interviewed twice  on National Public Radio.

A year ago, Liccardo praised the unprecedented council actions to require gun insurance and to charge all gun owners a “gun harm reduction fee” as “common-sense solutions to reduce gun harm, and to shift the financial burdens from taxpayers and victims, back to gun owners.”

The ordinance was officially approved on a second read on Feb. 8, 2022. An original effective date of Aug. 8 was pushed back to Jan. 1, 2023.

Liccardo estimated that the $25 fees would yield $1.3 million, to be collected by a non-profit foundation established to distribute all fee revenue to community-based programs focused on reducing gun violence. That revenue estimate was based on 100% participation of the city’s estimated 52,000 gun-owning households – one of every 15 city adults.

As of Feb. 28, no gun fee money has been collected, and no gun owner has been fined for failure to obtain gun insurance, according to the city manager’s office.

Owners or anyone in possession of any type of firearm are required to fill out a form and keep it with the weapon. There is no requirement to submit the form to any agency.

The city hasn’t written or distributed a Request for Proposals seeking a non-profit to administer the new fees, but said it expects the requests to be distributed sometime this spring. When asked for an estimate of when implementation of the fee system might occur, the manager’s office could only say “in the 2023 calendar year.”

The San Jose Police Department’s website has posted information on the “Gun Harm Ordinance,” including links to the ordinance and the “liability insurance attestation form.” The city manager published an updated version of the ordinance in October.

At the time of the 2022 council vote, Liccardo thanked national gun-control advocates including EveryTown for Gun Safety, Moms Demand Action, the Gifford Law Alliance and others “who work tirelessly to help us craft a constitutionally compliant path to mitigate the unnecessary suffering from gun harm in our community.”

He added: “I look forward to supporting the efforts of others to replicate these initiatives across the nation.”

Despite continuing increases in gun deaths across the nation, no other cities have followed San Jose’s lead, although some, including Los Angeles, are considering it. One state, New Jersey, in December approved a mandatory gun liability insurance, and three others – California, New York and Washington – are considering a similar law.

The Dhillon Law Group of San Francisco has filed a lawsuit on behalf of The National Association for Gun Rights, in conjunction with its legal arm the National Foundation for Gun Rights, against the City of San Jose, the San Jose City Council, and City Manager Jennifer Maguire, challenging the gun liability insurance ordinance.

A U.S. District Court judge last August denied a request from gun rights organizations for a preliminary injunction to halt the implementation of the new ordinance.

Dudley Brown, president of the National Association for Gun Rights, at the time called the city plan a “ridiculous tax on the right to keep and bear arms.”

“To tax a constitutional right is absolutely preposterous and places an undue burden on law-abiding gun owners,” he said. Calling the San Jose ordinance “an ugly precedent for gun control laws,” he asked, “Do the members of the San Jose City Council actually believe this will do anything to stop crime?”

One month ago, National Public Radio’s “On Point,” hosted by Meghna Chakrabarti with WBUR, Boston, dealt specifically with that question. Liccardo was one of three guest panelists, along with journalist Jennifer Mascia and R.J. Lehmann, senior fellow at the International Center for Law and Economics.

“Insurance in and of itself is never going to cover the kinds of violent events that people imagine it would, because insurance can't cover things that you do on purpose," said Lehmann.

The San Jose ordinance, according to Lehmann, ”would not cover the overwhelming majority of firearms incidents that tend to be the subject of public concern.”

“The paradigmatic example of a tragic firearms accident—a child gets hold of an unsecured firearm and injures his or her sibling—would not be covered,” he said. “More importantly, coverage would not extend to intentional acts.”

“We found that San Jose had actually only had about three unintentional shooting deaths in the last seven years,” said Mascia in the panel discussion. “They all resulted in criminal charges, and they would not be covered under this policy. This policy does not cover anything that results in criminal charges.”

“And a lot of people don't realize when you use a gun, even if it's in self-defense, a lot of times there will be a prosecution, even if you're deemed justified at the end of this, law enforcement does tend to get involved,” she said. “And if that happens, this policy would not cover them.”
She said the real benefit of laws like the San Jose and New Jersey insurance requirement represent attempts to encourage “a cultural shift – and what you need for that, for it to be really, really effective on the insurance level is widespread adoption. And I think that's what they're hoping –  that this will catch on.”

“The problem is,” Mascia continued, “it's only going to catch on in states that are run by Democrats, progressives. We're seeing there are states where gun laws are getting really stronger, and states where they're getting weaker. And the gun law states that are strong right now, they're more apt to try these policies. That way it would be really effective.”

"Otherwise they just don't see the point. I looked, I called insurance companies. They said that they're not going to be recalculating rates. Just like when you get a car, you call the insurance company, they give you a rate. The insurance companies are not, from what I understood reporting last year, going to be involved in that way. As a matter of fact, there's no requirement under this ordinance that you even call the insurance company and give them the serial number of your gun. For instance, like you'd call an insurance company and give them the VIN number of your car. That's not a requirement.

The complete text of the San Jose gun ordinance:

Oct 2022 update of san jose gun harm ordinance

Three decades of journalism experience, as a writer and editor with Gannett, Knight-Ridder and Lee newspapers, as a business journal editor and publisher and as a weekly newspaper editor in Scotts Valley and Gilroy; with the Weeklys group since 2017. Recipient of several first-place writing and editing awards, California News Publishers Association.


  1. San Jose Inside’s coverage of this issue is way too generous to the former mayor and the city. I suggest people listen to the referenced podcast where surprisingly the mayor didn’t stick around to get into the weeds of his ordinance. The NPR podcast guests tell us what many have already known. Essentially, the ordinance doesn’t do what the mayor claims. The city substitutes good intentions (if we aren’t being cynical) for logical and efficacious policy while treating the constitution as an afterthought. As we all know, the road to hell is paved with good intentions and the devil is in the details.

  2. This is clearly intended to disarm law abiding citizens because no criminals will follow it. This is to increase chaos and give criminals a free hand to terrorize the residents. I am so glad I left that lunatic asylum.

  3. “She said the real benefit of laws like the San Jose and New Jersey insurance requirement represent attempts to encourage ‘a cultural shift'”

    in favor of more subversion like this. Blue rot areas are favorable, as always.

    Scumbag subversives, trying to harass gun owners (again) … what worms.

    We already know you don’t respect that part of the Constitution, but when you choose to be lowlifes like this, you only look worse than usual.

  4. This is another power grab created to pick on law abiding gun owners forcing us to pay a nonprofit that will most likely be ran by a bunch of gun control activists. Smh! This disproportionately affects the black and brown, mid to low and of course poor families that want to protect those they love and self. It’s such a shame they infringe on our 2A constitutional rights!

  5. Is any insurance company in California even underwriting “gun insurance”? I have yet to see a media report that answers this obvious question.

    Former Mayor Liccardo’s weakness and kneeling to the mob during the 2020 summer of BLM rioting actually served to increase the number of gun owners in San José due to fear for their lives and property. Liccardo should go on NPR and brag about how San Jose residents who never previously considered buying a gun now own one thanks to his fecklessness.

  6. I filled out the form twice, but my dog ate it both times. This really stinks. I need the city to pay for dog sitters to solve this dilemma.

  7. This makes me think of an Aretha Franklin song when she sang, “Let’s go back, let’s go back, let’s go way when back when…..”

    On the first meeting, Liccardo estimated that the $25 fees would yield $1.3 million, to be collected by a non-profit yet to be decided and they will not (NOT) be accountable to the City and they can do whatever they want to do with the money.

    It’s on video for those who would like to refresh their memories.

    Which non-profit has been selected that will have NO accountability to the City?

  8. So many flaws in this approach. And it is comical that the one person that drive this effort and championed it was Sam Liccardo, who is GONE. Why would the city spend valuable and limited resources creating an ordinance that will create a fee structure (tax) for gun owners. The fee will be a non-profit and is not controlled by the city. And they want individual’s personal information . And this burgeoning non-profit (made up of who? Representing who?) will keep all confidential information secure and will not create a gun registry. And all funding comes from the $25 fees. The gun owner would get a ticket showing you paid your dues. But how is this actually helping gun violence? It doesn’t. That’s why it is called the Gun Harm Reduction Act, not the Gun Violence Reduction Act. It doesn’t reduce gun violence. It is not addressing the key elements.

    And then, once in place, a half-a-dozen law suits will come crashing down on San Jose for implementing a tax with out a vote. The work around is the term “fee” that allows a fee to be collected from a group of people as long as the group of people are the ones being served by the money they donate. Law abiding citizens are not killing or robbing people. The people not paying into the program are the illegal gun owners and criminals. How does any of the money given to the non-profit address this? Spoiler alert: It doesn’t.

    San José will be wrapped up for month to years on litigation about this very law (not the insurance part, but the mandated fee). San Jose need to stop this effort now, save our resources, and not open San Jose up for more legal trouble. The guy that said “it’ll all work out, is gone.” No one wants this. It was pushed though under questionable reasons, with little to no community input and discussion. Everytown, the Giiffords, Moms Demand Action, they were all at the table, but that’s kind of it. How is that good policy? Members of the public asked for months to be included in the discussions but were met with crickets. No response. No engagement. Now, no Liccardo should equal no more advancing this meaningless program that will cause legal issues for San Jose.

    Mayor Mahan, please direct the City Manager to stop her efforts in trying to figure this out. We can figure out a better and practical plan that has community buy-in, community engagement, dialog, collaboration…the things that make programs work. The current outline is designed to fail. I hope you will reach out and take this seriously. Dump this current action and reinstate a new tiger team on Gun Violence or whatever you want to call it. But get all stakeholders in the room. I’ll volunteer my time to help organize and facilitate the initial meetings. This needs to happen, so let’s do it now.

    Kind regards,
    Kirk Vartan

  9. Kalifornia should just secede from the Union, seeing as they’re just going to ignore its constitution

  10. San Jose councel members and the mayor are completely incompetent!! I’m not trying to be mean and nasty. It’s just a fact that they did Not do the homework on Gun insurance! In a nutshell, there is No such thing as Gun insurance! No insurance company will give us a policy for shooting someone wether accidental or not. Its just ridiculous to even think they would .

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